Government of West Bengal

Country: India

Land area: 88,253 sq km

Population: 91,276,115 (2011 Census)

Annual operating budget: US$7.774 billion (2015-16)

GDP: US$2 billion (2015-16) GSDP

The State of West Bengal is situated in the eastern part of India and the total area of the state is 88,752 sq km which is 2.7% of the total area of the country. The state of West Bengal extends from the Himalayan Mountains in the north to the Bay of Bengal in the South and from drylands in the west to the lower Gangetic plain to the east.

Depending upon widely varying geographic features, the nature and intensity of climate change impacts are also projected to vary in the different regions. The challenges posed by climate change are also being intensified due to the high population density of the state. The 2011 Census indicates that the population is 91 million with a population density of 1,028 people per sq km. The demand for agricultural yield, accommodation, daily consumables per unit area of land parcel is, therefore, significantly higher in the habitable areas of West Bengal.

The state now has to opt for climate change friendly and sustainable development schemes. The State Action Plan on Climate Change, West Bengal (SAPCC,WB) is already in place. This document was prepared under the stewardship of the Chief Secretary, Government of West Bengal and through active participation of the line departments. Different departments are now taking action to implement the SAPCC,WB. The Department of Environment, Government of West Bengal is the nodal department for all climate change related activities in the state of West Bengal.

The state government along with its serious concern for air quality, water resources and waste management, is now integrating climate change issues in its planning, to promote sustainable growth and healthy life styles for its citizens.

  • Current activities/policies

    Renewable Energy:  

    The State Government  has decided to install grid connected solar roof-top PV system in government buildings including buildings of Local Bodies. All State Govt. Departments and all District Magistrates have been involved in implementation of the programme. WBREDA is the Nodal Agency of the program. WBSEDCL has issued tender for selection of developers for cumulative 10 MWp installations.

    Clean transportation:

    The Department of Environment is financing the introduction of 20 CBM (coal bed methane) driven buses in the Asansol and Durgapur area as part of cleaner fuel initiative. The particulate pollution from CBM driven vehicles are less than the diesel or petrol driven buses. The availability of CBM in Durgapur–Asansol region is ensured as CBM is being produced in adequate quantity in nearby coal rich region. This is also keeping the fuel transport cost at a minimum.

    Waste management:

    The Kolkata Solid Waste Improvement Project (KSWIMP) is an integrated municipal solid waste management system involving six municipalities around Kolkata. Six compost plants are to be set up in six municipalities with one common Sanitary Landfill site and leachate treatment facility. The cumulative capacity of the compost plant is 153 Tonnes per day and the most unique feature of KSWIMP is sharing of one sanitary land fill by all six municipalities.

    Adaptation:

    An Integrated Coastal Zone Management Project (ICZMP) project is being implemented by Department of Environment, Government of West Bengal. The objective of the project is to minimize the loss and damage in coastal areas, to generate livelihoods and to protect coastal ecosystem and biodiversity. The ICZM project covers coastal region of South 24 Parganas and East Midnapore. Considering impacts of the climate change in coastal belts, the successful implementation of ICZM is expected to improve the resilience of coastal community.

  • More info

    Most important economic sectors:

    Agriculture (rice, potato, tea), Industry (Steel and Power)

    GHG breakdown by sector (%):

    Power 47
    Transport 21
    Industry 19
    Agriculture/forestry 13

    Current power sector mix (%) (as on 2011-2012 MNRE report):

    Coal 97
    Solar 0.2
    Hydro 2.8

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